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First probabilistic CPU 30x more power-efficient

updated 04:25 pm EST, Sun February 8, 2009

Rice University PCMOS

Rice University today used the International Solid-State Circuits Conference to reveal that it has tested a real-world example of a processor founded on probability math. Called a PCMOS (probability-based complementary metal-oxide semiconductor), the chip abandons the either/or Boolean logic of all current processors in favor of calculations that rely on the most likely answer in most cases. By avoiding a reliance on getting an exact answer when unnecessary, the CPU uses just a fraction of the power to accomplish the same work as today's chips; the example chip's voltage is dropped to where it consumes 30 times less power than an equivalent, ordinary CMOS processor.

As it has to wait less often for answers, the result is also about seven times faster and is especially suited to math where imprecision is unnoticeable or even encouraged, such as small image rendering or data encryption. The Houston-based university believes PCMOS would be particularly useful for typical home users in cellphones, video cards and other devices with embedded processors.

Co-developed with Singapore's Nanyang Technological University, the technology is still in the early stages but, according to inventing professor Krishna Palem, should enter real-world production within the next four years.




by MacNN Staff

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  1. testudo

    Joined: Dec 1969

    -11

    yes

    because we all want computers that are 'kinda' correct.


  1. godrifle

    Joined: Dec 1969

    +4

    That's...

    ...big.

  1. cal6n

    Joined: Dec 1969

    +10

    Douglas Adams...

    ... would be rather pleased!

  1. csimon2

    Joined: Dec 1969

    +6

    go ahead testudo...

    keep making comments on things that you obviously don't have the ability to comprehend the significance of.

  1. Nai no Kami

    Joined: Dec 1969

    +2

    This is huge

    we are one step closer to the incarnation of Skynet

  1. Guest

    Joined: Dec 1969

    +11

    Probablilty

    But you need a cup of warm tea to operate it.

  1. Loren

    Joined: Dec 1969

    +4

    So we've had...

    CISC, then
    RISC, and now
    GISC!! Guesswork Instruction Set Computing!!

    I think I love it.

    Remember, traffic lights are only guidelines.

  1. Guest

    Joined: Dec 1969

    +3

    Encryption?! Really?

    Because it really shouldn't matter if your secret key is off by a few bits, right? Right. Didn't think so.

    To add a little context where due: The type of encryption where probabilistic logic may come in handy is not your run-of-the mill AES or RSA algorithm, but rather a technique called "hyper-encryption" in which truly random bits are generated at very high speeds and the message is encrypted using only a select few of those bits. There's better info on WIkipedia about this, but for now let's just say a really fast true random number generator would be much better suited for Hyper-encryption than probabilistic boolean logic which is correct most of the time.

    And in an algorithm like AES a single wrong bit will change about half of all output bits in EVERY round due to the avalanche property of that block-cipher. So, no, PCMOS is not suitable for AES.

  1. Jonathan-Tanya

    Joined: Dec 1969

    0

    all wrong

    one correction, the chip is actually wrong most of the time, but you take the results, flip it, and do the opposite.

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